Medical disorders might appear identical to each other and this is the reason why many times, an individual misinterprets an issue for another. Benign Prostate Hyperplasia is a medical condition where the size of the prostate gland enlarges considerably. The swollen gland then leads to varied problems including urinary problems. Though it is a normal condition in aging men, many people confuse BPH with prostate cancer, which is just not the case. Prostate Cancer is the development of abnormal cells in the gland that spread in the entire body with time. Whereas Benign Prostate Hyperplasia is the common condition of enlargement of the gland with age. It gives rise to a urinary problem since the urethra runs right through the center of the prostate gland, the enlargement of which blocks the urinary passage.
Treatment of enlarged prostate is possible however if the problem gets serious, the gland can be cut apart from the body since it is not a life-essential organ.
What Causes Benign Prostate Hyperplasia
The exact reason for the enlargement of the prostate gland is still not known but experts believe that the main cause of benign prostate hyperplasia is changed in hormonal structure in men with increasing age. As men age, their body reduces the production of hormones that regulate the size of the prostate gland thus resulting in its enlargement. Another factor that might lead to prostate enlargement is genetic disposition. So if someone in your bloodline has been through BPH, you might go through it too.
Prostate Enlargement Symptoms
Since the biggest consequence of the disease is on the urinary flow, symptoms of the BPH largely involves urinary malfunctions.
- Difficulty in initiating pee.
- Having a discontinuous flow of urine, that is more of dribbling.
- Feeling the need to pee again though you just did.
- Peeing more frequently at night
- Increased out of the blue calls of nature
- Peeing too frequently a day
- Blood in urine
- Infection in the urinary tract
- Inability to urinate.
Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Treatment
Treatment of enlarged prostate gland ranges from personal changes in lifestyle to medical surgeries. If the condition is minor, the person can reduce the effects by taking measures like consuming lesser fluids at night and stopping the consumption of alcohol and drugs. However medical consultation is always recommended.
The initial phase of benign prostate hyperplasia can be treated with medications as well (check out this medicine that is proven effective in dealing with BPH). Alpha-blockers present in these medicines help the muscles in the prostate gland to relax, regulates the hormonal balance, and thus reduce the size of the prostate. However medical consultation is required since these medicines affect the blood pressure in the body.
In cases where the gland is too large to be treated by medications, the part of the prostate that is too large is cut off the organ by the surgery called Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP).
Another kind of surgery is cystoscopy under which, a long and thin instrument with a camera enters the urethra and removes the tissue that causes the enlargement of the gland. It then cauterizes the blood vessels so that it doesn’t bleed.
In major cases where nothing else works, another kind of surgery, Transurethral Incision of the Prostate comes into play. In this method, the urinary bladder is expanded using an external incision instead of removing the extra part of the gland.
A common confusion that surrounds prostate enlargement is that its treatment affects the sexual life of the diseased. However, if the patient led a normal sexual life before the gland got spoilt, the post-treatment period shall also be normal. Benign Prostate Enlargement is a process that occurs naturally in men, most likely after the age of 50. It might be painful but its effects aren’t life-threatening.
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