Do you know someone who is paraplegic or is your loved one dealing with the same? It’s critical to educate yourself on the condition and how to manage it.
Paraplegia is nearly often caused by damage to the brain, spinal cord, or both. The most prevalent cause of paralysis is a spinal cord injury to the thoracic, lumbar, or sacral spinal cord.
This is due to the fact that when these injuries occur, messages cannot go to and from the lower body, and the body is unable to transmit signals back up the spinal cord to the brain.
As a result, paraplegics struggle not only with movement below the level of damage but also with sensation loss. This loss of sensation can range from tingling or diminished sensation below the level of injury to the complete inability to feel anything below the level of injury.
Some injuries cause one or both legs to become temporarily paralyzed. However, in the correct circumstances, even a broken limb, as well as the aftermath of a seizure, an allergic reaction, and some surgical combinations, can appear to be paraplegia. As a result, doctors should be cautious about diagnosing paraplegia right after an injury. Instead, diagnosing this disease can take anything from a few hours to many days.
What Is The Difference Between Paralysis and Paraplegia?
Partial paralysis, also known as paraplegia, is a type of paralysis in which the functioning of the body is significantly hampered below the level of injury. The majority of people dealing with paraplegia (also called paraplegics) have completely healthy legs. Instead, the issue stems from an injury or disease to their brain or spinal cord, which is incapable of sending or receiving signals to the lower body.
Paraplegia symptoms, like those of other types of paralysis, can vary greatly from one person to the next. While the stereotype of a paraplegic is someone in a wheelchair who can’t move their arms or legs, can’t feel anything below the level of injury, and can’t walk, paraplegics actually have a wide range of abilities that can alter over time, depending on their health and physical abilities.
Types of Paraplegia
While leg paralysis is the most common symptom of paraplegia, there are several forms of paraplegia with varying degrees of severity. The following are some examples of paraplegia:
There are times when paraplegia does not affect both legs equally. One leg, for example, could be completely paralyzed while the other has limited or normal function. This is also known as “incomplete paraplegia,” and it can be caused by a variety of disorders.
Following paraplegia rehabilitation, a case of complete paraplegia may turn into a case of partial paraplegia in some situations. A degenerative illness, on the other hand, may cause incomplete paraplegia to proceed to total paraplegia as symptoms worsen.
It’s also called paraparesis when some functionality in either leg remains, however, there’s considerable controversy about whether it should be called that.
When a paraplegic has no feeling or function in their legs, they are said to be paralyzed. A total paraplegic is unable to move both legs and may have other problems, such as bladder or bowel control problems.
Complete spinal cord injuries are frequent in the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine. Quadriplegia is also more likely to occur as a result of trauma to the cervical region of the spine (paralysis of the arms and legs).
What is The Main Cause of Paraplegia?
Paraplegia is caused by a spinal cord or brain injury that prevents impulses from reaching your lower body. Paralysis occurs when your brain is unable to send messages to your lower body.
Accidents are the cause of many injuries that end in paraplegia. Accidents that can result in paralysis include:
- automobile mishaps
- Sports injuries
- Medical surgeries
Paraplegia can be caused by disorders that affect the spinal cord and brain. These can include the following:
- Cerebral palsy, cancer, and nerve disorders
- Multiple sclerosis, strokes, and tumors in the spine
- tumors in the brain
- A rare genetic condition called hereditary spastic paraplegia
Can Paraplegia Be Treated?
There is currently no cure for paraplegia. In certain circumstances, though, people are able to reclaim authority over the afflicted areas. Treatments can also aid in the management of paraplegia symptoms.
Paraplegia treatment possibilities include:
- Physical therapy: it is a type of treatment that involves the use of This sort of therapy aids in the reduction of pain, the development of surrounding muscle strength, and the prevention of muscle degradation.
- Occupational therapy: is a term used to describe a type of treatment This therapy aids people with paraplegia in adjusting to daily chores.
- Devices for mobility: Wheelchairs and motorized scooters are examples of assistive technologies that can help people improve and maintain their mobility.
- Medications that require a prescription: These include pain remedies like muscle relaxers and pain relievers, as well as blood thinners to prevent clots.
- Surgery: to improve movement different surgeries can reduce the symptoms in a paraplegic person. It can reduce swelling and give some strength for the affected to take action.
To deal with paraplegia, paraplegic people will require ongoing care and prevention. It is a difficult condition to live with, thus all required actions must be taken to keep going forward in life.
Paraplegia is a kind of paralysis in which the bottom half of the body is paralyzed. It inhibits your ability to walk, stand, and perform other tasks that require leg, foot, pelvic, and stomach control.
Paraplegia is usually caused by an injury, although it can also be caused by diseases that affect the spinal cord or brain. Although there is no cure for paraplegia, medication can help you manage your condition.