Vitamins are essential for everyone as they play an important role in the functioning of the body. Vitamins ensure that the body functions normally and is able to fight diseases and heal well. Vitamins are chemical compounds that can be found in natural foodstuff and insufficiency of vitamins in the diet can lead to various diseases and many serious ones in the future. Numerous studies have proved that the development of diabetes, obesity and heart disease in older people is somewhere related to deficiency of vitamins in childhood.
Vitamin D is one of the most important vitamins required by the body for bone health and for overall good health. It is not like other vitamins, means that the human body can make its own vitamin D by exposing the skin to the sunlight. The body can only make vitamin D and can’t make any other vitamin. Other vitamins can only be obtained from the food we eat.
Sources of Vitamin D
Exposure to Sunlight – Sunshine is the main source of vitamin D. When your skin is exposed to the sun, it produces vitamin D and sends it to the liver. The liver changes it into a chemical and this chemical is then sent to all over the body.
Diet – Like other vitamins, diet is also a good source of vitamin D. Some of the food items are the good source of obtaining vitamin D include salmon, tuna fish, yogurt, orange juice, and cheese.
Are you deficient in vitamin D??
Following are the symptoms that can act as a warning sign of vitamin D deficiency
- Extreme tiredness
- Bone pain
- Muscle pain
- Hair loss
- Impaired wound healing
Complications of severe vitamin D deficiency
As stated above, vitamin D is essential to keep the body healthy and for normal body functioning. Severe deficiency of vitamin D can trigger the symptoms of various diseases and some of the complications that are associated with vitamin D deficiency include:
Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe form of psychotic disorder. It drastically affects the way a person thinks, feel and behave. It is a complex and long term medical illness that can occur at any age. It is characterized by heterogeneous symptoms and cognitive impairment. Hallucinations, lack of interest, difficulty concentrating, hearing of voices and delusions are some of the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Studies have suggested that there is a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and schizophrenia. They suggested that an individual with vitamin D deficiency are at high risk of developing this serious brain disorder. It was found that deficiency of vitamin D causes negative symptoms and worsens cognitive features.
It has been found that the patients having schizophrenia have low vitamin D serum level as compared to healthy people. Researchers also found out that people with low vitamin D serum level have are often found to have psychotic behavior and cognitive problems. Vitamin D maintains anti-proliferation activity that acts as an important regulator.
Vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common causes of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is the disease of the bones and is characterized by the weak bones that are more prone to break. In this condition, the bones lose their strengths and are more likely to suffer a fracture, following a minor fall.
We are aware that vitamin D is essential for bone health. Osteoporosis is a bone disorder that occurs due to the deficiency of vitamin D and this deficiency results in the reduced bone mineralization. Therefore, deficiency of vitamin D makes the bones weak and an individual is more likely to develop bone disorders.
Back pain, stooped posture, height loss, sloping of the shoulder are some of the symptoms that are quite common in people suffering from osteoporosis. Deficiency of vitamin D not only increases the risk of developing osteoporosis, but it also increases the risk of developing other bone disorders.
3. Erectile dysfunction
This might sound weird but, there is a correlation between low vitamin D serum level and the occurrence of erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction is a sexual dysfunction which is characterized by the inability of a man to achieve a satisfying penile erection. This condition is sometimes known as impotence and an individual is said to be having erectile dysfunction when he persistently fails in achieving erections.
Low testosterone level is one of the causes of erectile dysfunction and there is a relationship between vitamin D and testosterone levels in the body. Testosterone is the main male sex hormone. Vitamin D plays a role in maintaining testosterone levels and any fluctuations in the level of vitamin D has an effect on the levels of testosterone as well. As a result, an increased risk of developing erectile dysfunction.
4. Pulmonary arterial hypertension
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a condition that is characterized by high blood pressure in the arteries. Very high blood pressure causes the right ventricle of the heart, which supplies blood to the pulmonary arteries, fails to function properly i.e is unable to pump effectively. This triggers the symptoms and causes shortness of breath, edema, and loss of energy.
To some extent, vitamin D deficiency can be associated with the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with high blood pressure levels and pulmonary arterial hypertension is a disease that occurs due to high blood pressure in the arteries.
There are studies that suggest that obesity is closely associated with vitamin D deficiency. Obesity is defined as an accumulation of too much fat in the body, that interferes in the normal functioning of the body. Obesity is a chronic disorder and has become a serious public health issue.
Various studies have stated that people who are obese are found to be deficient in vitamin D. They believe that people who are obese require more vitamin D in their body as compared to a person of normal health. Deficiency of vitamin D affects the body mass index of an individual
Tags: Vitamin d foods, Vitamin d deficiency causes, Vitamin d levels