Understanding The Common Causes Of Vertigo

Do you experience dizziness and sudden headache? Feel like you are spinning, or the world around you is spinning? Do you become off balance when suffering from a headache? These symptoms are the common causes of vertigo and suggest that you are suffering from vertigo.

Vertigo is a sensation of feeling off-balance. A person suffering from vertigo experiences a feeling of whirling and dizziness. Vertigo is a symptom of a variety of conditions. It occurs when there is a problem in the inner ear, brain, or sensory nerve pathway. 

The prevalence of vertigo increases rapidly as patients age. Dizziness, including vertigo, can happen at any age but is common in people aged 65 years and above. People may experience vertigo temporarily or even for an extended period. For example, it can occur during pregnancy or when suffering from an ear infection.

Keep reading to learn more about the different common causes of vertigo.

What are the common vertigo symptoms:

A person suffering from vertigo feels as though their head or the space around them is moving or spinning. One of the most common vertigo symptoms is feeling dizzy, which worsens with head movements. 

The symptoms of vertigo can last for long or may last for seconds. Other than spinning and feeling off-balance, some of the signs that can occur in patients having vertigo include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Balance problems
  • Tinnitus
  • Headaches
  • Lightheadedness
  • Motion sickness
  • Swaying
  • Sweating
  • Abnormal or jerking eye movements
  • A sense of plumpness in the ear
  • Nystagmus is an uncontrollable movement of the eye from side to side

What are the different types of vertigo?

While vertigo is considered to have similar symptoms such as dizziness, balance problems, a sense of motion sickness, and headaches.

Vertigo is of two types:

Peripheral vertigo is the most frequently occurring type of vertigo, and it is related to the inner ear that controls balance. 

Central vertigo is a disorder that occurs due to problems in the central nervous system. 

What are the common causes of vertigo?

Various factors can lead to vertigo, which usually causes an imbalance in the inner ear or a problem with the central nervous system.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPVV)

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPVV) is the most common cause of vertigo. The inner ear vestibular system is a problem, a vital part of maintaining balance. 

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo occurs when the tiny calcium particles are dislodged from their normal position and collect in the inner ear. BPVV often experiences vertigo symptoms when lying down, sitting up, or turning around in bed.

Meniere’s disease

Meniere’s disorder is an inner ear illness marked by variable hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and a sense of fullness in the ear. In addition, this condition causes fluid to build up in the ear, leading to vertigo attacks.

Vestibular neuritis

Vestibular neuritis is a disorder of the vestibular system. The vestibular system is a vital part of the inner ear that controls the movement and balance of the head. In addition, this disease is characterized by sudden onset of severe vertigo, nausea, vomiting, and imbalance. The term neuritis refers to inflammation of the vestibular nerve.  

This is an inner ear problem related to a viral infection which in turn causes inflammation of the inner ears around nerves that are important for helping the body sense balance.


A migraine is usually defined as a condition in which an individual experiences severe headaches, but it is more than just a headache. It is a neurological disorder that affects the whole body. 

A migraine associated with vertigo is often referred to by other names such as a vestibular migraine, migraine-associated recurrent vertigo, and migraine-associated dizziness.

The vertigo symptoms vary in those people who have a migraine. The sensation of vertigo can occur without any outside trigger. They can experience the feeling of self-moving or as if the surroundings or environment are moving. 

However, there are multiple effective medications for acute migraine headaches of various strengths, such as Rizact 10 Mg and Rizact 5 Mg. 

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that causes the abnormal functioning of the immune system. It leads the body’s immune system to attack the protective coating around nerve fibres in the central nervous system. 

Multiple sclerosis is a common cause of vertigo. People with multiple sclerosis experience brief episodes of vertigo consisting of various poor imbalances. This usually happens because of a lesion around your brainstem or small brain structure called the cerebellum. 

Brain tumour

A brain tumour is one of the common causes of vertigo. A tumour develops when there is an abnormal growth of the cell. When there is a growth of abnormal cells in the brain, it is known as a brain tumour.

Brain tumours that develop in the cerebellum- the part of the brain that controls the movement may cause vertigo, characterized by balance and room spinning sensations.


People with diabetes may experience dizziness either as a symptom of the condition or due to dehydration from certain medications. Diabetes causes low or high blood pressure, making people feel dizzy or lightheaded.

Feeling nauseated, headache and shakiness are symptoms of vertigo when a person has diabetes.

Head Injuries

Sometimes, the vestibular system becomes impaired after a head injury. This happens when the fluid in the inner ear leak into your middle ear, or the nerve connecting the vestibular system to the brain can become damaged. 

Head injuries are the most common cause of vertigo. Damage to the brain areas responsible for balance and movement will also cause dizziness.   

Also Read: Relation Between Dizziness and Vertigo

What are the three leading peripheral causes of vertigo?

The most prevalent kind of vertigo is peripheral vertigo. A dysfunction in the inner ear is the most common reason which controls your balance:

The most common peripheral causes of vertigo are:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
  • Vestibular disease
  • Meniere’s disease

Does vertigo affect the eyes?

Vertigo is a condition in which individuals often feel a sensation of spinning, whirling, or turning. During the vertigo spells, affected patients often experience abnormal eye movements. Vertigo can cause immense strain on the eyes due to dizziness and spinning. Too much stress on the eyes may also lead to headaches.


Vertigo can be caused due to several conditions, including infections, migraines, injuries, and several health conditions. Treating the underlying cause of vertigo is the most effective way to decrease discomfort and get relief in the long term. There are also many home remedies and medicines that may be beneficial for treating vertigo symptoms.

If you experience vertigo, it is best to consult a doctor to determine the cause and the treatment plan for vertigo.

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Janet Fudge

Janet Fudge writes on general health topics for CheapMedicineShop.com. She holds a post-graduate diploma in Public Health with a major in epidemiology. During the outbreak of COVID-19, Janet actively volunteered in vaccination drives throughout the state of Iowa. She lives in Iowa with her husband and two children.