The Fundamentals Of Pain Relief

No one knows your pain better than yourself. The pain you experience can be of great assistance to make a plan for its management. 

The pain of every person differs from one another. The type of treatment that works perfectly well in someone else’s case may not be appropriate for you.

The following factors can help decide the suitable treatment: 

  • The underlying cause
  • The severity of pain
  • From how long are you experiencing the pain
  • What makes the condition better
  • What worsens the condition

How Many Types Of Pain Exist?

 The two main types of pain: 

1. Nociceptive pain

2. Neuropathic Pain 

Have a look at the brief information about these types of Pain: 

Nociceptive pain 

  • Acute pain (Lasts till the affected part heals)
  • Caused by potential damage or physical damage


  • Sprains
  • Burns
  • Bone fractures
  • Bruises
  • Bumps
  • Infections
  • Obstructions
  • Myofascial Pain

Neuropathic Pain 

  • It is caused by the misinterpretation of signals between nerves and spinal cord or brain. Nerve damage can also be the cause of this type of pain. 
  • Sharp and shooting pain


  • Diabetes
  • Infections
  • Surgical procedures

How To Manage Pain? 

Following are some of the most popular pain management tips: 

1. Keep Moving

Some everyday activities can relieve the pain by blocking the pain signals to the brain. It stretches the stiff muscles, joints, and ligaments and significantly reduces the pain.

You may hesitate at first to perform exercises in pain. Move gradually and take a step towards pain management. 

2. Counseling 

Pain can hamper your quality of life. You will feel stressed, depressed, anxious, and cranky.

Be generous to yourself, and don’t cross your limitations. If the pain does not allow you to perform some activity, don’t force yourself and accept the fact.

You can take the assistance of a counselor, a hypnotherapist, or a psychiatrist. Talk to them, explain your condition, and get helped most efficiently. 

3. Distract Yourself 

Don’t think all day about your pain. Involve yourself in other activities of your interest and distract yourself. Do the activities that could be performed even when your movement is restricted, like – Knitting, Photography, Painting, etc. You will eventually forget your pain when you are distracted. 

4. Relieve Stress 

Stress and anxiety can substantially improve your pain response. Try to calm your body and mind by practicing meditation. 

Apart from meditation, the following activities can also help: 

  • Yoga 
  • Aromatherapy
  • Positive self-talk
  • Social support

5. Set Realistic Goals  

It may not be easy to deal with the pain. You need to set high but achievable targets to get rid of that pain. 

For example, fix sometime in the day when you will have a treadmill session, or you will take your pet for a walk. Even if you are unable to achieve the target, don’t be harsh on yourself!

These activities improve your physical and mental well-being.  

6. Plan Your Meals 

The pain usually emanates from inflammation. Hence, having an anti-inflammatory diet can help ease the condition.  

What Can You Eat? 

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Nuts
  • Healthy oils

Also, make sure to drink plenty of water and limit the intake of alcohol.  

7. Avoid Alcohol Consumption

Drinking can diminish the quality of your sleep. So, avoid consuming alcohol and enhance your sleep cycle.

The body relieves pain when it is relaxed. Ensure you are having a proper sleep of about 7-8 hours every day, note a significant reduction in pain.  

8. Track progress 

Always track your progress by considering the following things: 

  • Level of pain
  • Activity
  • Treatments
  • Improvement

9. Spend Time With Your Loved Ones 

Having pain doesn’t mean you have to be isolated. Be in touch with your friends and acquaintances. Their love and support can help forget your pain and suffering. 

If you have severe pain and can’t step out of your house, make a phone call or invite friends to your home. 

Ensure that whenever you meet people, talk about anything but pain! 

What Are The Types Of Pain Medications Available? 


NSAIDs are available in prescription as well as non-prescription strength. They can help treat short-term pain on the back, neck, and muscles. 

When you take medicine continuously for many weeks or months, its effectiveness decreases.  

Possible Side Effects: 

  • Stomach problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Anemia
  • Rash
  • Headache
  • Swollen legs
  • Easy bruising
  • Ringing sound in the ears

Also Read: Top 12 Tips To Stay Healthy

Who Should Avoid Taking it?

High blood pressure patients(as the drug can significantly raise the blood pressure) 


Opioids are a type of narcotic drug that is available with and without prescriptions. Doctors usually prescribe the medication as a pain reliever due to its effectiveness in moderate to severe pain reduction. 

Non-prescription drugs, also known as street drugs, are also present, which comprises an illegal substance called heroin.  

Possible Side Effects: 

  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Itching
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Slow down breathing and heart rate(on high dosage)
  • Depression
  • Mental confusion

Who Should Not Take Opioids 

The risk of side effects increases in the people who 

  • Have sleep apnea
  • Are over 65 years of age
  • Are pregnant
  • Have a family history of drug overuse
  • Are suffering from depression or anxiety


Corticosteroids are known to relieve pain and inflammation. They also serve several other purposes: treating asthma, skin problems, etc. 

When our body is incapable of producing enough cortisone hormones, the doctor recommends corticosteroids to compensate for the difference.  

Possible Side Effects: 

  • Weight gain
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Osteoporosis
  • Easy bruising
  • Muscle weakness
  • Increased susceptibility to infections
  • Eye disorders like glaucoma and cataract
  • Mood swings
  • Thinning skin
  • Bone loss

Who Should Not Take Corticosteroids? 

People who have the following conditions should avoid taking corticosteroids: 

  • Liver disorder
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Depression
  • Ongoing infection
  • People who are on some other medication 


Tags: Alternative pain medication, Home pain relief, Natural pain killers

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Janet Fudge

Janet Fudge writes on general health topics for She holds a post-graduate diploma in Public Health with a major in epidemiology. During the outbreak of COVID-19, Janet actively volunteered in vaccination drives throughout the state of Iowa. She lives in Iowa with her husband and two children.