Know The Possible Causes Of Hot Flashes

Hot flashes are one of the common symptoms and millions of people live with hot flashes at some point in life. Hot flashes are defined as the feeling of warmth that comes and go, making a person feeling hot and extremely uncomfortable.

While this symptom varies from one person to another in its presentation, severity, and frequency, it causes the feeling of unpleasant and distress. Primarily, hot flashes are associated with the lack of hormones in the body.

  • In women, lack of female sex hormone (estrogen) causes hot flashes.

  • In men, lack of male sex hormone (testosterone) causes hot flashes.

Hot flashes are often accompanied by symptoms like sweating, chills, and palpitations. The frequency and severity of hot flashes vary widely from one person to another. Hot flashes can occur anytime, but most often they occur during night time and are also known as night sweats.

Menopause is the most common cause of hot flashes in women. Menopause is that period in the lives of women when she had her last menstruation for a year. Menopause occurs due to changes in the production of hormones in the body, and a woman starts to lack estrogen from the late 30’s and a complete loss of the production of estrogen by the time she reaches 50.

When the body lacks estrogen, the brain senses the deficiency or low hormones and causes the internal temperature to become too hot. Hot flashes occurring due to menopause can occur before, during, or after menopause and the problem of hot flashes generally gets resolved within one year after the menopause.

Menopause is one of the most common causes of hot flashes in women, but it is not the only cause. Hot flashes can occur in both men and women and there are many different diagnoses of hot flashes. The exact cause of hot flashes is not known yet, but some of the disease that causes the temperature of the body to become hot include:

1. Thyrotoxicosis

Thyrotoxicosis is defined as an acute metabolic state which leads to an increase in the production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland. Thyroiditis, characterized by the inflammation of the thyroid gland is the most common cause of thyrotoxicosis. Inflammation in the thyroid gland causes the release of all the stored hormone in the body, resulting in excessive production of thyroid hormones.

2. Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is a disease which is characterized by excessive sweating which primarily affects face, feet, hands, sole, and armpits. Generally, sweating does not occur during the night but sometimes, it occurs during the night and is accompanied by symptoms like fever, hot flash, and pounding heart. It is a serious problem that requires an appointment with a doctor. Sweating is controlled by the brain which sends signals to the sweat glands. These nerves in the controls many unconscious body functions.

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3. Obesity

Obesity is a metabolic disorder which is defined as an accumulation of fat in the body. Obesity is characterized by a high body mass index and increased body weight. Multiple studies showed that being overweight not only increases weight, but it increases the risk of developing various health problems, obesity and diabetes are the most common health problems associated with obesity. Evidence suggests that obesity has many side effects and hot flashes are one of them.

4. Panic disorder

Panic disorder is strongly associated with hot flashes. Panic disorder or panic attacks are intense fear which can be caused due to any situation. Panic attacks can occur at any time, sometimes even during sleep. Panic attacks are accompanied by intense fear and alterations in the behavior in order to avoid the situation or the place. Most often, panic attacks are associated with a particular situation or a place that scares them. People who have panic attack experience fear without having any specific reason. Such attacks can occur unexpectedly at any time.

5. Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease which is characterized by hyperglycemia or high glucose level in the blood. Diabetes is a disorder which occurs due to the problem in insulin secretion, problems in insulin action, or both. The high glucose level in the blood is one of the causes of hot flashes. Diabetics are more likely to experience hot flashes.  

Preventive measures to reduce the effects of hot flashes

Multiple studies have stated that lifestyle changes is the most effective and easy way to improve the effects of hot flashes. Lifestyle management plays a crucial role in managing hot flashes. Some of the effective ways for people experiencing hot flashes are as follows:

  1. There are certain triggers of hot flashes, know them, and try to stay away from those triggers. Some of the common triggers include caffeine, spicy food, and alcohol.
  2. Maintain a healthy weight. High body mass index or being overweight is one of the causes of hot flashes. Do regular physical activity to maintain healthy weight.  
  3. Prefer wearing light clothes while sleeping.
  4. Try to stay in a cold temperature.  
  5. Eat healthy food such as soy foods and flax seeds.

Tags: How thyroid disorder affect us?Obesity Can Be Prevented Through Certain Changes

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Janet Fudge

Janet Fudge writes on general health topics for She holds a post-graduate diploma in Public Health with a major in epidemiology. During the outbreak of COVID-19, Janet actively volunteered in vaccination drives throughout the state of Iowa. She lives in Iowa with her husband and two children.