How Can You Prevent The Transmission Of COVID-19?

Essential Facts About COVID-19

Several rumours with regards to the novel coronavirus are spread on the internet. Believing in them will hamper your health negatively. Here are some of the facts according to the centre of disease control and prevention (CDC):

  • COVID-19 can make anyone sick, regardless of their ethnicity or race.

People are in distinct fear and anxiety about the spread of COVID-19 and think that some race or ethnicity are more susceptible to disease transmission. Due to this, they start avoiding or keeping distance with them. But the truth is that the novel coronavirus can make anyone sick and all are at equal risk. 

  • For most people, the immediate risk of becoming seriously ill from the virus that causes COVID-19 is believed to be low.

People who are old or have some underlying health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease or lung disease are at an elevated risk of developing severe complications from COVID-19. 

  • Someone who has been released from isolation or has completed the duration of quarantine could no longer transmit the infection to other people. 

There are some basic things to prevent yourself and other people from the infection:

  • Wash your hand frequently with soap and water for about 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based sanitizer to ward off germs from your hands. This practice is typically essential after you blow your nose, cough, sneeze, use lavatories etc. 
  • Avoid touching your face, nose or mouth with unwashed hands. 
  • If you feel sick, try staying home for some days.
  • Cover your cough/sneeze with a tissue, then discard the tissue in the trash.
  • Know the signs and symptoms of COVID-19, and seek medical assistance in case of developing the coronavirus symptoms. 

Symptoms Of Coronavirus

The common notable coronavirus symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath 

If you live with someone suspected to have COVID-19 or have recently travelled from an area with an outgoing transmission, call and inform your doctor. The coronavirus symptoms are very mild in most of the cases, and so you must keep your doctor informed about your medical records and travel history. 

Also Read: Everything You Need To Know About Coronavirus

Take The Following Actions To Minimize Your Risk Of Getting Sick

  • Store extra supplies but remember, don’t hoard. Others need to buy things as well.
  • Take everyday preventive measures to maintain adequate distance from others.
  • Avoid participating in public gatherings as much as possible. Whenever you step out of home, ensure that you distance yourself from people who are constantly coughing or sneezing. 
  • Avoid cruise travel and excessive air travel. 
  • During a COVID-19 outbreak in your society, stay home to the greatest extent possible, to further reduce your risk of being exposed.

Have a closer look at some of these points:

Store extra supplies: 

  • Consult your healthcare specialist and ask whether you can get additional medications to have on hand. It would be beneficial if you come to know about the COVID-19 outbreak in your community.
  • In case you are unable to obtain the extra medications, consider using mail order for the same. 
  • Ensure that you have over-the-counter medications and medical supplies to treat fever, dry cough and other symptoms. Studies have reported that most people can recover from COVID-19 symptoms at home. 
  • Have enough groceries and other household items handy so that you are prepared to stay home for a specified period. 

Take everyday preventive measures:

Avoid close contact with people who are sick and take the following precautionary measures:

  • Clean your hands often.
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for about 20 seconds, especially after sneezing, coughing, blowing your nose, or having been in a public place. If soap and water aren’t available, utilize a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% of alcohol. 
  • As much as possible, avoid touching high-touch surfaces in public places – elevator buttons, doorknobs, handrails, handshaking with people, etc. Use a tissue or bend of your elbow to cover your hand or finger if you touch something.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after touching surfaces at public places. 
  • Try not to move your hands over your face, nose, and mouth. 
  • Avoid crowds, particularly in improperly ventilated spaces. Your risk of exposure to respiratory viruses such as COVID-19 may rise in crowded, closed-in settings with little air circulation if there are people in the crowd who are sick.
  • Clean and disinfect your home to eradicate germs. Practice frequent cleaning of usually touched objects and surfaces (for example cell phones, light switches, doorknobs, tables, desks, handles, toilets, faucets, sinks etc.)
  • Avoid travelling as much as possible, including plane trips, and boarding on cruise ships.
  • Eat healthily and exercise regularly to boost your immunity.  Read our detailed guide on how to boost your immunity and keep diseases at bay

What To Do If You Get Sick?

  • Stay home and call your doctor. 
  • Contact your healthcare provider and inform him about the symptoms you’re experiencing. Tell them if you feel that you have or may have COVID-19. It shall help them take proper care of you and keep others from getting infected or exposed. 
  • Most people infected with the novel coronavirus are not sick enough to get hospitalized; their symptoms can be improved at home only. 
  • Know when it’s the right time to obtain medical assistance. 
  • If you develop some symptoms like fever, dry cough and shortness of breath, you should get the condition diagnosed without delay. 

What Can Others Do To Assist Older Adults?

Family And Caretakers Support

  • Your loved one may be taking some medications. Know about them and see if you can help them have some extra medications handy.
  • Track food and other medical supplies (incontinence, wound care, oxygen, dialysis) required and created an alternate plan. 
  • Stockpile non-perishable food items in the home and reduce your trips to stores.
  • If you care for a loved one residing in a care facility, oversee the situation, enquire about the health of the other residents and be informed of the etiquette if there is an outbreak.

Community Support

  • Community support planning should incorporate older adults and people with disabilities, and the organizations that uphold them in their communities, to make sure their requirements are addressed.
  • Majority of these individuals dwell in the community, and many rely on services and support offered in their homes or in the community to sustain their health and liberty.
  • Long-term concern facilities should focus mainly on preventing the introduction and transmission of COVID-19. 



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Janet Fudge

Janet Fudge writes on general health topics for She holds a post-graduate diploma in Public Health with a major in epidemiology. During the outbreak of COVID-19, Janet actively volunteered in vaccination drives throughout the state of Iowa. She lives in Iowa with her husband and two children.