What Are Dust Mites?
Dust mites are tiny microscopic bugs that dwell in house dust. They require a warm and humid atmosphere that is present in the house dust of every continent of the world except Antarctica.
A house can have millions of dust mites, which triggers asthma and several types of allergies. The skin cells shed by pets and people can be observed in the depths of fabric surfaces like carpets and couches.
We cannot eradicate dust mites from our home completely. But, we can follow some steps to get rid of the allergy-causing arthropods to some extent.
Read the article further and have a complete insight into dust allergies.
Important Facts On Dust Mites And Dust Mite Allergies
- Dust mites are too small to be seen with a naked eye.
- As all living organisms, dust mites also eat food and secrete. Some people are allergic to the protein found in their waste.
- Dust mites are the leading cause of perennial allergic rhinitis.
- Beds are warm and cozy and one of the favorite spots for dust mites.
- The population of dust mites increases very rapidly.
- Dust mites develop best at 75-80% humidity, and they are unable to survive below 50% humidity.
How Dust Mites Causes Allergy?
There are two ways in which dust mites cause an allergy. Have a look:
- Through the waste they produce
- Through the body parts of the germs
The things mentioned above are allergens to some individuals and lead to the development of allergies. When the dust mites die, their dead remains to stay in the environment. The bodies of allergic people start creating antibodies and attack them when they make contact.
What Are The Warning Signs And Symptoms Of Dust Mite Allergy?
Following are some of the common warning signs and symptoms the persons affected with dust mite allergy usually get:
- Runny nose
- Stuffy eyes
- Red itchy eyes
- Post-nasal drip
- Itchy nose or throat
The symptoms are quite similar to that of asthma. So, people having asthma don’t usually recognize the signs of dust mite allergy.
If the symptoms persist for a year, perhaps dust mites are the underlying cause. Consult your doctor straight away and get it diagnosed.
Also Read: SARS – Symptoms, Causes and Prevention
How Are Dust Mite Allergies Diagnosed?
Following tests can help diagnose the disease:
- Specific IgE Blood Test: The doctor adds a small amount of suspected allergen in the blood sample of the patient. The number of antibodies created by the blood will determine the extent of allergic situations.
- Skin prick test: A little drop of the suspected allergen is placed over your skin. The doctor or nurse will then prick the site with a needle, through the drop.
If there is itching, swelling, or redness in the spot, you are allergic to that particular allergen. The reaction starts with 20 minutes from the application of the allergen on the skin.
How Are Dust Mite Allergies Treated?
Avoid exposure to dust mites; that’s one of the best ways to reduce the symptoms. As you can’t altogether avoid it, you will undoubtedly need some medication or treatment to get rid of the symptoms.
Following are some of the best treatment alternatives available for dust mite allergy:
When you have itching in the eyes and nose, take antihistamines. They can also relieve nasal stuffiness and runny nose. Antihistamines are available in a variety of forms, including liquids, oral pills, and nasal sprays.
It can alleviate inflammation and ease the symptoms of hay fever. You can take corticosteroids in the form of pills or nasal sprays. Nasal sprays offer a lower dose of the medicine and lessen the risk of side effects.
Decongestants are significantly helpful in treating the swollen tissues of the nostrils. Some non-prescription drugs amalgamate antihistamines with decongestants to produce the desired effects.
Any allergic person can take decongestants as nasal sprays except for people having:
- High blood pressure
- Cardiovascular disease
- Men with an enlarged prostate
If you take nasal decongestants for three consecutive days, the condition of nasal condition may get worse.