Dyslexia: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Dyslexia is a type of learning disorder that can cause issues with reading, writing, and spelling. Children with dyslexia are often very hardworking, but they face problems linking the words they see to the sounds those letters produce. 

About 5-10% of people in America have one or the other symptoms of Dyslexia like trouble in speaking, slow reading, confusing words, etc. Also, adults face this problem and don’t recognize the problem unless they go to the doctor.

If you have dyslexia, you will have it for your entire life. Children having this problem generally face enormous challenges in school. They take a longer time to read and write as compared to others.

What Are The Causes Of Dyslexia?

Dyslexia has a close link with genes. Almost 49% of parents with dyslexia pass on the disease to their kids. Also, 40% of the sibling of those kids faces specific learning issues on the whole.

There is not just one gene that causes dyslexia. Some of the genes hamper brain development while others affect communication with the brain. If you have someone in your family with dyslexia, your child is at a considerable risk of getting the disorder.

What Are The Signs Of Dyslexia?

There are several signs of dyslexia, and it may differ from person to person. Some of them are as follows:

  • Reading and writing at a snail’s pace
  • Are poor at spelling words correctly.
  • Have difficulty following a sequence of instructions.
  • Have confusion with the order of letters in words.
  • Face problems with planning and organizing things. 
  • Confusion between two similarly written letters like “b” and “d”.

Let us now consider the challenges people face in dyslexia at various stages:
Before School

  • Delayed talking
  • Have problems with the framing of words
  • Difficulty at memorizing things
  • Learning things at a slower pace
  • Facing challenges in learning nursery rhymes

At school

  • Reading below the level of expectation as per their age
  • Incompetency at pronouncing unknown words.
  • Issues with processing what they listen
  • It takes a long time to complete reading and writing tasks. 
  • Problems at spelling words. 
  • Obviating reading activities

Teens And Adults

  • Slow and cumbersome reading
  • Problems at solving math problems
  • Difficulty in reading out loud
  • Difficulty in learning a foreign language
  • Takes time in comprehending jokes and expressions
  • Face difficulty in summarizing things. 


How To Diagnose Dyslexia?

Checking Reading And Other Academic Skills

In this test, the doctor will ask your child about their life at home. The number of persons living in the house, relationship with each of them and if they are facing any difficulty at home.

Psychological Testing

The doctor will have a set of questions with him, which he will ask your child. The doctor tries to understand the mental ability of your child with this test. 

Testing Vision, Hearing, And Brain Functioning

Sometimes, the cause of your child’s learning and reading ability may be the result of some other disorder. These disorders can be linked with vision or hearing inefficiency. When you treat these disorders, the reading skills of your child may improve. 

Knowing Your Family History

In this test, the doctor asks about your family history. Specific genes in the body can give rise to learning disabilities. Knowing family history will help the doctor to find if the condition is because of heredity.


The doctors have the answers of the teachers and family members of your child. He asks specific questions to diagnose the learning skills of your kid. 

How Can Parents Help?

Build Vocabulary

Ask your kid to learn a new word regularly. You can then ask for its meaning and usage in sentences. Play a game where both of you use the words in 2-3 sentences. 

Encourage Reading Practices

Every kid is different and has a different way of learning. Note the strengths and weaknesses of your child and help them in the best possible manner. Some children are hesitant and often get nervous while reading. You can help them by reading out loud and surrounding them in several reading practices. 

Motivate Your Child For Fluent Reading

Pay attention to whether your child is fluent in reading or not. Motivate your child to work on fluency of the language he is speaking. People with dyslexia require constant praise and support to reconstruct self-esteem.

Play Games

Play learning games with your kids and help them with their studies.

Don’t Compare

If your child has dyslexia, you should never compare his academic scores with that of his siblings. Just be friendly with them and encourage them at different phases of their life. 

Plan Activities

Children with dyslexia are poor at planning and organizing things. Make a checklist and set routines to help them with planning. 

Create A Memorizing Strategy

People with dyslexia learn things by creating a picture in mind. So, you can use the same thing and help them learn better. While revising any topic, draw a picture with the main points of the chapter. Give a more straightforward and less number of instructions at a time. This way, you can gradually improve the remembering capacity of your child. 

Notice The Warning Signs Of Dyslexia

If you can detect the problem of dyslexia soon enough, the doctor can treat your child even better. So, be vigilant at noting the signs of dyslexia in your child and consult your healthcare specialist without further delay. 









Tags: Dyslexia Treatment, Dyslexia With Numbers, Dyslexia In Adults, Dyslexia Types

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Jim Carson

Jim Carson is the writer for the mental health section of CheapMedicineShop.com. He is certified in clinical mental health counselling and has conducted cognitive behaviour therapy for war veterans struggling with PTSD. Professionally and personally, Jim is an astute observer of human behaviour that reflects well in his work.