Diarrhea is one of the common diseases globally, characterized by the passage of watery or loose stools at least three times a day. There can be many causes of diarrhea, as it is a very common disease affecting around 179 people in United States every year.
Most often, people get acute diarrhea, and acute diarrhea is a condition that usually lasts for one or two days but is resolved soon.
What are the Three Most Common Types of Diarrhea?
Typically, there are three common types of diarrhea:
Acute watery diarrhea –
It is a type of diarrhea that can last for hours to days and can result in dehydration.
Acute bloody diarrhea –
It is a type of diarrhea that can cause problems such as intestinal damage, dehydration, and malnutrition.
Persistent diarrhea –
This type of diarrhea lasts for at least 14 days.
Most people wonder, is having diarrhea normal?
No! Having diarrhea is never normal. The cause of chronic diarrhea can be a bacterial infection, drinking unsanitary tap water, or eating food that is contaminated.
There are many viruses and bacteria that can cause diarrhea. Sometimes, diarrhea is a symptom that is a sign of some underlying condition. Parasites, viruses, and bacteria are the most common causes of diarrhea. Parasites can enter the body through food and water and settle in the digestive system.
What are the Main Causes of Diarrhea?
Some of the possible conditions that can be the causes of diarrhea are as follows:
Food poisoning is one of the common causes of food poisoning. It is a condition shows various symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea, and from eating or drinking contaminated food.
The severity of the symptoms varies from person to person as it depends on the severity of a disease. The symptoms range from mild to severe. It is associated with various complications, and diarrhea is just one of them.
It can result in the development of many diseases that can be life-threatening and impair the quality of life of an individual. Diarrhea that lasts for more than three days is severe diarrhea.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease is common, and it consists of a group of diseases that affects the gastrointestinal tract. It involves an inflammatory condition in which the immune system in the body attacks parts of the digestive system.
Diarrhea is considered to be the prevalent symptom in patients having inflammatory bowel disease. Most often, patients having inflammatory bowel disease complain of experiencing diarrhea along with other symptoms such as abdominal pain, weight loss, fatigue, and fever.
The exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease is not known, but multiple factors play a role in the development of this disease, such as genetics and certain environmental factors.
Gastroenteritis, also known as stomach flu, is a condition that is common and is characterized by the inflammation of the lining of the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. Most often, gastroenteritis is caused by a virus or bacterial infection.
This disease is associated with a wide range of symptoms, such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, headache, fever, chills, and abdominal pain. According to research, gastroenteritis is the leading cause of chronic diarrhea in millions of cases every year.
Gastroenteritis is associated with a wide range of complications, and dehydration is the most common. The symptoms of gastroenteritis lead to the loss of water from the body. Patients are advised to drink fluid-like apple juice and coconut water to stay hydrated.
Types of viruses that are the causes of most cases of gastroenteritis.
- Rotavirus – It is the leading cause of this disease in infants and young children, and it causes symptoms like watery diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Generally, the symptoms occur three to four days after exposure.
- Caliciviruses –It is the common cause of this disease in young adults, and it causes symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting, headache, and fever. Generally, the symptoms occur one to two days after exposure.
- Adenovirus –It is the common cause of disease in children less than two years of age, and the symptoms of this disease develop eight to ten days after exposure.
- Astrovirus –It primarily affects infants and young children, and usually, the symptoms develop two to four days after exposure.
Giardiasis is a disease that is caused by the protozoan, known as Giardia intestinalis. Primarily, it is an infection of the small intestine and is characterized by symptoms like diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, bloating, fatigue, and weight loss. Usually, the symptoms of this disease appear within 3 to 25 days after exposure and eating food.
The exposure usually occurs through the ingestion of parasites in food and water. It is one of the main causes of traveler’s diarrhea. Patients having this disease may or may not experience any symptoms.
Answering Your Questions
Which virus causes diarrhea?
Viruses responsible for Gastroenteritis are likely to be the causes of diarrhea. These can be rotavirus, calicivirus, adenovirus, astrovirus, and even Norovirus in some cases.
What is the best drink when you have diarrhea?
Hydration is very important when recovering from chronic diarrhea. Drinking fruit juices and coconut water can restore nutrients in the body.
How long after eating something can you get diarrhea?
It is possible to get diarrhea 1-3 days after eating contaminated food.
What to eat when you have diarrhea?
On the first day of diarrhea, limit your intake to apple juice, coconut water, banana, and apple sauce. You can slowly add toast and rice back to your diet after symptoms improve or on the 2nd or 3rd day.
Dehydration is considered to be the most common complication that is associated with chronic diarrhea. Dehydration is a problem that occurs when the body does not have enough water, and water is vital for the human body. In the human body, water is required for various functions that are essential to staying healthy.
Dehydration is accompanied by various symptoms such as lightheadedness, headache, dry mouth, muscle cramps, and reduced urine output. Drink plenty of fluids to avoid seeing the worst from diarrhea. Stay clear of things that can cause diarrhea, such as contaminated food or someone who is sick.
Medical professionals sometimes recommend medications like Zoxakind 100 Medications for resolving diarrhea symptoms. Have a look, it might help you as well.