Traveling is always fun, and we all love to travel. But, it is essential to take care of yourself from various diseases that can attack you anytime, especially while traveling. There is a wide range of diseases that you can catch while traveling. Although anyone can develop an illness at any point in time. Here is the list of some of the diseases that an individual is more likely to contract while traveling.
Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis is caused by the protozoan known as Trypanosoma cruzi. It belongs to the group of Trypanosomatidae and it has been detected in more than 150 species which are widely susceptible to infection. Usually, chagas disease is transmitted through the bite of triatomine insects which are also known as kissing bugs. These insects have a capability to infect foods such as juices and cause problems such as food poisoning and sometimes, it can lead to some life-threatening problems.
Chagas disease can be explained via phases. In the acute phase, fever is the most common symptoms of infection. It is accompanied by a lesion on the skin, along with conjunctiva. In children, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, generalized subcutaneous edema is localized on the face and lower extremities. They have been observed in many of the cases. In some cases, patients also experienced persistent tachycardia. Usually, the acute phase is resolved within the period of 3 to 8 weeks.
The interminate stage of this disease is a direct progression between the acute phase and symptomatic stage. Although most of the patients in the interminate stage do not develop lesion, in some cases, cardiac and digestive symptoms can also occur. A symptomatic stage is characterized by palpitations, dizziness, syncope, and seizures, that can result from acute circulatory failure which is caused by decreased heart rate, ventricular tachycardia or cardiac arrest.
Cholera is an intestinal disease that is caused by the bacteria which is known as Vibrio Cholerae. This bacteria lives in the water environment such as lakes and river and this infection is spread through water that has been contaminated by the person or animal that is infected by this bacteria. Most often, cholera results from oral ingestion of contaminated water or eating uncooked or raw seafood.
The severity of this disease can vary greatly from one person to another. Infections can be mild and self-limiting and at the same time for some patients, an infection can be life-threatening and severe. Generally, cholera is characterized by painless and watery diarrhea that can be accompanied by vomiting. In severe cases, a severe fluid loss can occur which leads to the occurrence of symptoms like thirst, oliguria, severe dehydration, acidosis, muscle cramps, and shock. When an individual is infected by this infection, there is a rapid onset of symptoms and it can occur in as short as 5 hours. Cholera is one of the major concerns in the United States and other developed countries
Lyme disease is a bacterial disease that is caused by the bacteria known as Borrelia burgdorferi and it is transmitted among humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks. Lyme disease includes a wide range of symptoms such as fever, headache, fatigue and skin rash. It is a serious disorder that requires immediate action and needs to be treated as soon as possible. If this disease is left untreated, it can develop neurological sign, chronic arthritis, and other syndromes. Infection can spread to various organs and it include joints, the heart, and the nervous system.
Most often, humans are infected through the bites of immature ticks known as nymphs. Nymphs are very small and very small to become visible. Lyme disease can also be transmitted by adult ticks but they are more likely to be removed before they have had time to transmit the bacteria. The signs of this disease generally develop 1 to 2 weeks after infection and it occurs as a small bump which develops at the site of the tick. The next stage of this disease begins weeks to months later and it involves pain in one or more joints. It causes the joints to become swollen and a knee is the most affected joint.
Schistosomiasis, also known as snail fever is a waterborne parasitic behavior and is responsible for damaging the internal organs of the body and causes a wide range of symptoms such as blood in the urine, feces and an enlarged liver. Schistosomiasis is of two types:
1. Schistosoma haematobium – It attacks and damages the kidney and bladder and it is characterized by painful urination, abdominal pain, and blood in the urine.
2. Schistosoma mansoni – It attacks and mages the intestines and liver and it is characterized by fever, rectal bleeding, and abdominal pain.
Schistosome worms do not multiply in the host. The status of an infection is the result of an accumulation of consecutive infections, where individuals with the most intense infections usually have a higher risk of developing morbidity. It is a serious disorder and requires treatment in order to reduce the risk of avoiding complications.
Schistosomiasis can be transmitted through contact with the contaminated freshwater inhabited by snails carrying the parasite. Swimming, bathing, fishing and even domestic chores such as laundry and herding, livestock can increase the risk of developing this disorder.
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