he thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands, and any problems in this gland affect the functioning of all the organ systems. Thyroid disorders are the problems that result from the abnormal secretion of thyroid hormone due to the structural or functional impairment of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is responsible for the production and secretion of the thyroid hormone throughout the body. These hormones play an important part in many body functions:
- Stimulates cell production
- Affects bone growth
- Stimulates vitamin metabolism
- Increases sensitivity to adrenaline
Therefore, every cell in the body is dependent on the thyroid hormones to function properly. Thyroid disorders are of two types- Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism – It is a condition that occurs when the thyroid gland produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormone and results in an increased basal metabolic rate. In this disorder, a large number of hormones are deposited into the bloodstream and causes symptoms like high blood pressure, muscle weakness, and tiredness.
Hypothyroidism – It is a condition that occurs due to the insufficient production of thyroid hormones that causes symptoms like weight gain, depression, poor memory, and extreme tiredness.
Many medicines that are recommended by doctors to treat thyroid problems but natural ways are always better. Yoga is one natural way which is highly effective in treating the problems related to the thyroid gland. Yoga is not only beneficial in helping to achieve and maintain weight management but it is also beneficial in treating the impairment of various organs of the body. Yoga has the capability to make changes in the secretion of bodily hormones. A number are researches have been made to understand the relationship and effects of yoga on thyroid disorders. They found out that yoga has a significant effect on the thyroid disorders and it is an alternative approach to prevent and treat these disorders. Researchers also found out that most of the time, thyroid disorders are the result of stress and yoga helps to alleviate stress and anxiety to a great extent. It helps in maintaining the balance between the mind and the body. Other benefits of yoga that help in addressing thyroid disorders are, it helps in massaging and stimulating the thyroid gland, it improves the blood circulation all over the body and it also reduces stiffness. Some of the useful yoga postures to treat thyroid disorders include.
Matsyasana is also known as fish pose and it is an effective pose that increases the strength and stability within the body. This yoga posture improves blood circulation to the thyroid gland and improves thyroid function. It gives a good massage, stretches and stimulates the thyroid gland. This stretching and massaging play a great role in improving the functioning of the thyroid gland. Other health benefits of this pose include:
- Improves metabolism
- Reduces constipation
- Enhances flexibility
- Helps in weight management
Sarvangasana is also known as the shoulder stand pose and it is a pose that strengthens the entire body. The word Sarv means whole and it is one yoga posture that throws effect on the body as a whole. It is an effective pose to treat thyroid disorders as it directs the circulation of blood to the thyroid gland and improve its functioning. Also, it allows the faster flow of blood into the neck and head and as a result, the neck is full of blood that helps to nourish and stimulate the thyroid gland. Other beneficial effects of this pose include:
- Soothes a headache
- Treats insomnia
- Relieves constipation
- Improves heart health
Bhujangasana is also known as cobra pose and the best effect of this pose is that it helps to improve blood circulation. Its effect on the thyroid gland is quite effective as it stimulates the gland by stretching the front of the neck that improves its functioning. It also massages the thyroid gland to increase its effects. It also helps in relieving stress which is known to play an important role in the development of thyroid disorders. Other health benefits include:
- Increases flexibility
- Improves menstrual irregularities
- Improves mood
- Decreases stiffness in the neck
- Strengthens arms and shoulders
Halasana is an excellent asana for patients who suffer from thyroid disorders as it has a direct impact on the thyroid gland and improves the overall functioning of the gland. It is not only helpful for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland but it also helps in reducing stress, tiredness and stimulates the reproductive systems as well. Practicing this posture daily nurtures the entire body and increases the blood flow to all the organs. Some other beneficial effects of Halasana include:
- Strengthens the back muscle
- Strengthens the immune system
- Improves asthma
- Cures infertility
- Increases blood circulation
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