Antidepressant Risk Factors For Aged People

As people age, there are problems that increase. Family tension, workload, sending off the children to colleges, their fees, and so much tension that often adults fall into depression. With depression, men and women often start to deplete away their own health.

Mental health has various diseases and disorders which cannot be diagnosed easily. There are around 10 million cases in India alone each year. Even though this condition is curable within a few months, clinical depression in its chronic stage might even require psychological consultation. 

The cause of depression can differ from one person to another. The reason can be most of the following 3 factors:

  • Social factors and society stresses
  • Biological hormonal balance
  • Psychological factors

Clinical depression might require a diagnosis for medical clinical reasons. One might take note of clinical depression with the signs and symptoms: 

  • A person might experience a change of moods. Other mood changes are apathy, hopelessness or guilt, and anxiety. 
  • Having a loss of interest from interests and passion 
  • Being excessive agitation or isolating yourself from society
  • Insomnia
  • Facing fatigue or suffering from excessive hunger
  • Having sudden weight loss or weight gain 
  • Having a poor appetite

  A person may experience sleeping disorders, not being able to concentrate, or having very down energy levels. Chronic depression might even lead to suicidal thoughts. A person might even experience a lack of concentration and become slow in his daily activities. 

Treatment for depression medications are antidepressants and even procedures. Treatment can be done in the following three ways:

  • Therapy sessions: Psychotherapy or Cognitive behavioral therapy  
  • Medical Processes: The electroconvulsive therapy
  • Intake Of Medicines: SSRIs, Anxiolytic or Antidepressants

But can antidepressants be different for elders and young adults? Antidepressants can act differently for the elders and different for other users. In fact, antidepressants can be different for each user. Its effects, side effects, symptoms, and the whole treatment process can vary from one user to another. 

Also Read: Antidepressants Withdrawal Symptoms And How To Deal With Them

Below we have the article which covers the potential risks that can build up in adults who take antidepressants. 

What Are Antidepressants Used For?

Antidepressants are used for the treatment of depression. These medications help in the regulation of the hormones in the body. Antidepressants can be both short-acting as well as long-acting. Short-acting drugs might even cause Antidepressant withdrawal syndrome. 

Antidepressants work by regulating the serotonin level of the brain, especially SSRIs. These medications work through the principle of the reuptake of neurotransmitters. With the use of antidepressants even long-term symptoms of depression can go away. 

 The potential risks are more in adults than compared to younger ones. 

Risks And Other Adverse Effects Of Antidepressants 

Some of the most common risks that have been reported by the patients are given below. Different patients might experience different types of adverse drug effects. Some have even reported that with the use of antidepressants, they have never experienced sexual problems. 

Common risks and associated side effects of the antidepressants are:

  • Anxiety 
  • Nausea
  • Irritability
  • Increase in the weight
  • Increase in appetite 
  • Dry mouth 
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • The decrease in the orgasm level
  • Increase in the appetite
  • Loss of libido
  • Extreme fatigue
  • The feeling of being drowsy
  • Agitation from everyone
  • Insomnia and other types of sleep disorders
  • Having problems with vision
  • Constipation
  • Xerostomia

Apart from these risks and side effects, if the drug is taken without the recommendation of the doctor then these antidepressants might even lead to drug interactions. The antidepressant in adults might even lose its effects after a few months or even down to a year.

What Are The Potential Risks Involved By Antidepressants In The Elderly People

There are several risks that are more observed in adults than compared the younger age population. One of the biggest potential risks that have been observed in elders is the fall risk. With the intake and the use of antidepressants, a person might be prone to multiple fractures or even osteoporosis. 

 The tricyclic antidepressants older in use elevate the risk of orthostatic hypotension. This increases the risk of falls in the body of the user. But a lot more research is going on to find more risks that have been associated with the use of antidepressants. More falls assessment in the adults suffering from this mental health disorder has to be studied. 

What Is Geriatric Depression?

Geriatric depression is depression in adults. This affects adults both emotionally and mentally. This depression lasts for a long time. Adults who are very old in age suffer from the type of depression known as subsyndromal depression. 

 Though this is not a major clinical chronic depression but can become chronic in the later stages if left untreated. Depression can affect adults more severely in some cases reducing their life quality. Causes of geriatric depression can be:

  • Having a family history of people suffering from chronic depression.
  • Having a low level of the chemical neurotransmitter (norepinephrine or serotonin) 
  • A life event of a trauma with past abuse or the death of a loved person

What Is The Least Toxic And The Safest Antidepressant Having The Least Antidepressant Side Effects?

Though each antidepressant has the potential to result in some side effects or risks, there are some antidepressants that can be tolerated better than others. We have prepared a list of the best tolerable antidepressant for you. 

  • Zoloft (Sertraline)
  • Celexa (citalopram)
  • Trintellix (vortioxetine)
  • Lexapro (Escitalopram)
  • Prozac (fluoxetine)

There are some antidepressants that result in the least antidepressant side 

What Is Antidepressant Withdrawal Syndrome And How Can It Affect The Elderly?

The antidepressant withdrawal syndrome is the syndrome that results from the sudden withdrawal of the antidepressant. The long-acting antidepressant works better than the short-acting ones. For the removal of this antidepressant withdrawal syndrome. 

 Click here to read about the Antidepressants withdrawal symptoms and how can you actually deal with them. In our article, we do not want to convey that the use of antidepressants should not be used by adults but should be used with caution. 

Tags: Which Antidepressant Should Be Avoided In The Elderly, Antidepressants Elderly Risks, Antidepressant Elderly Guidelines, What Is The Oldest Antidepressant

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Jim Carson

Jim Carson is the writer for the mental health section of He is certified in clinical mental health counselling and has conducted cognitive behaviour therapy for war veterans struggling with PTSD. Professionally and personally, Jim is an astute observer of human behaviour that reflects well in his work.