ADHD – A Childhood Brain Disorder

Many times parents see their children’s behavior to veers out of control such as stubborn nature, doesn’t listen when spoken to, and can’t stop talking. In childhood, such behavior is common, but occasionally. When these kinds of behavior are more than occasionally and become so frequent and severe that they interfere in the ability to live a normal life, it is considered to be an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. 

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and it is a condition which often persists from childhood into adulthood. It is a mental disorder which can have a deep impact not only on the patient but also on caregiver. The research suggested that the parents of a child having ADHD experience an increased level of stress with increased vulnerability to depression and worse quality of life. 

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most extensively studies child mental disorders that are characterized by a wide range of symptoms that might be visible before the age of six or seven years. Some of the symptoms may include:

  • Difficulty following instructions 
  • Seems to not listen when spoken to directly 
  • Avoiding tasks that require mental efforts 
  • Forgetful in daily activities 
  • Difficulty in waiting 

The symptoms in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can vary greatly from one person to another. There are three types of ADHD and symptoms can be classified according to the type:

1. Inattentive only – It is also known as attention deficit disorder and patients having this disorder are not very much active. Many times, their symptoms are left unnoticed because they do not disrupt the activities. 

2. Hyperactive or impulsive – Patients having this kind of ADHD have hyperactive as well as impulsive behavior but in this case, patients have the ability to pay attention. 

3. Combined inactivity, hyperactivity, and impulsive – It is the most common type and patients having this type of ADHD experience symptoms that are associated with all three dimensions – inactivity, hyperactivity, and impulsive.  

Also Read: Understanding Four Main Types Of Non-Communicable Diseases

What are the most common causes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder? 

Damage to the brain 

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a brain disorder and many studies have been conducted to investigate how damage or illness to the brain and primarily they found out that there are two parts in the brain that are associated with this disease. 

  • Patients having ADHD, the activity in the frontal lobes of the brain was found to be slower than normal. The frontal lobes in the brain are involved in functions like planning and controlling impulses. 
  • Another part of the brain that is affected in patients having ADHD is the caudate nucleus. This part of the brain is involved in controlling movements and to sustain attention. Scientists found that this part of the brain is comparatively smaller in patients with ADHD.   

Excessive exposure to alcohol during pregnancy 

There is no doubt to say that excessive consumption of alcohol is injurious to health, to an extent it can become a cause of death of a person. But when a pregnant woman consumes alcohol, it is not only her who is at risk but also her child. 

Evidence suggests that a pregnant woman who drinks excessively during pregnancy is at the risk of delivering a child with foetal alcohol syndrome. The symptoms that occur in ADHD are common in children who are born with foetal alcohol syndrome. Foetal alcohol syndrome is a disease which is severe as it causes damage to the brain and significant problems in growth and development. Not even a small amount of alcohol during pregnancy is safe for the fetus. 

Some of the ways that can help your child control the behavior

  • Try to be calm – This is one of the most important things to be done by caregivers of patients having this disease. Many times it is important to just ignore the behavior as poking them every time may make them become aggressive or more stubborn. Being violent towards the child, both physical or verbal might not work. 
  • Maintain a daily schedule – Having a schedule can help your child to control the behavior in many ways. Doing daily activities like sleeping, waking up, and going to school at the same time can help.
  • Do things that are easy for your child – In this disorder, patients are unable to perform various activities which might affect them psychologically. Therefore, doing things that a patient can succeed in is a good choice to make your child feel good. 
  • Learn more about ADHD – Having complete knowledge about this disease can help you to respond in a positive way to the behavior of a child. This will help your child improve. 

It can be said that by developing the strengths and structuring the positive environment and using medication can help and allow the patients to lead productive lives. 


Tags: what is ADHD in children, ADHD symptoms in children, treatment for ADHD in children, emotional and behavioral disorders, mental disorders in children